Hyderabad entered the records of history books with the establishment
of the Qutub Shahi dynasty by Quli Qutub Shah who usurped the Bahamani
Kingdom in 1512 and established the fortress city of Golconda. Muhammad
Quli Qutb Shah, the fifth in the line of Qutub Shahi rulers, moved his
capital to the new place and thus Hyderabad came into being in 1590. Among
other reasons, scarcity of water city in the Golconda city played an important
role in this relocation
Hydrabad an ancient city is the city of Nizams. Whole hyderabad
is situated on the rocks or the rocks are on the Hyderabad I went to Hyderabad for an interview and was amazed to see the beauty
of the city.
Tourist attractions in Hyderabad
A famous landmark of Hyderabad, Charminar is the shining example of the
Qutb Shahi architecture. Built in 1591 to commemorate the end of the plague,
the amazing rectangular monument was built upon four grand arches by Muhammad
Quli Qutb Shah.
Founded originally by the Kakatiya rulers in the 13th century, the historic citadel was expanded by the Qutb Shahi rulers into a gigantic fort of granite with walls and ramparts extending some 7kms in circumference. The fortress city within the walls was famous for the diamond trade and the Koh-i-noor diamond is said to have come from here Mecca Masjid
India's second-largest mosque, Mecca Masjid (the biggest being Jama Masjid
in Delhi) is located on Kishan Prasad Rd, near Charminar. Patterned on
the Grand Mosque at Mecca, the mosque attracts thousands of worshippers
during Namaaz, Friday prayers.
Qutb Shahi Tombs
The tombs were built in the memory of the departed rulers of the Golconda
rulers. Located at a distance of one kilometre north of Golconda fort's
Banjara Darwaza, the tombs are magnificent, that of Sultan Muhammed Quli
Qutb Shah being most impressive.
Once furnished with carpets, decorative chandeliers and beautiful velvet canopies on silver posts, Qutub Shahi’s Tombs are elegant structures with finely carved stonework surrounded by landscaped gardens, displaying a distinctive style, an amalgam of Persian, Pathan and Hindu architectural styles. The various facets and corners of the tombs have been diligently upholding the distinct architectural specialties of art in the times of the past.
Snugly set amid scenic and landscaped gardens, known as Ibrahim bagh, Qutub Shahi’s Tombs are dedicated to the memory of the seven Qutub Shahi kings who dominated over Golconda for around 170 years. The most articulate specimens of Indo-Persian architecture influenced by Deccan structural styles comprise these tombs. As a result there has been the emergence of a distinctive Qutub Shahi school marked by flamboyance of domes, arches, towers and columns. These architectural features began surfacing during the era of Ibrahim Qutub Shah and rose to their climax during the rule of Muhammed Quli Qutub Shah.
The gray granite tombs of Qutub Shahi adorned with exquisite ornamentation are predominantly domed structures, which stand on an raised square base bounded by pointed arches. Each quadrangular tomb rises to an elevation of 9 - 15 meters over the terrace. The larger tombs are double storied while the minor ones are single storied. In earlier times, Qurans were kept on stands and readers orated verses from the sacred book in regular intervals. Even golden spires topped the tombs of the Sultans to tell apart their tombs from rest of the members of the royal family. However the golden cupolas no longer exist. Few of the blue and green tiles that once adorned the domes of the tombs still grace the mausoleums. The tombs of Qutub Shahi consist of the graves of Sultan Quli Qutub-ul-Mulk, Jamsheed Quli Qutub Shah, Ibrahim Quli Qutub Shah, Sultan Muhammad Quli and Sultan Muhammad Qutub Shah.
Literally meaning "Mirror in the Sky", the Falaknuma Palace was built by Sir Vicar ul Umra. Designed by an Italian architect, the palace was later bought by the Nizam. Located 5km south of the Charminar, the architect is a treasure trove of precious possessions of the Nizam.
A collection of works of art by Nawab Salar Jung III, this museum is an unique assortment of kitschy collectibles including Indian and European paintings and statuary. The Jade Room in the museum houses objects which belonged to the medieval Indian rulers like Aurangzeb and Tipu Sultan.
Overlooking the Tank Bund, the white-marble Birla Mandir exhibits an amazing sight when illuminated in the evening. Commissioned by the Birlas, India's foremost business houses, this splendid structure built entirely out of marble from the western state of Rajasthan, stands atop the Kala Pahad, the twin hillock of the Naubat Pahad. The presiding deity of the temple is Lord Venkateshwara.
Heading westward from Charminar, you will find Lad Bazaar, a shopping
centre of the Old City quarter. Ambling through the perennially congested
narrow lanes will be an experience. Here you will find the famous Lacquer
bangles of Hyderabad, made from shellac coated with glossy and colourful
Hyderabad is known as the city of pearls. Kedarnathji Motiwale (near
Bata, Pathergatti) has been supplying pearls and jewelry since 1908. The
pearl market is situated near Charminar. You can buy ornaments made with
Rice pearls from Char Kaman or the General Bazaar Market. Good buys in Hyderabad also include silverware, silkware, saris, paintings
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